‘We’re back at square one.’ Spring break curfew evokes Miami Beach history on Black visitors

Pierre Rutledge will never forget his grandma’s Miami Beach ID card. A 1936 ordinance mandated that Black visitors, many of them hospitality workers, carry the card at all times in Miami Beach or risk arrest. As a result, Rutledge and his family, save for his grandmother who worked as a domestic worker with white families, never really frequented Miami Beach growing up. Now, as the chair of …

Pierre Rutledge will never forget his grandma’s Miami Beach ID card. A 1936 ordinance mandated that Black visitors, many of them hospitality workers, carry the card at all times in Miami Beach or risk arrest. As a result, Rutledge and his family, save …